Fostering Cooperative Learning through Reciprocal Reading Methods in German Online Class

Ajeng Dianing Kartika(1), Tri Edliani Lestari(2), Muhammad Nur Ashar Asnur(3),
(1) Universitas Negeri Surabaya
(2) Universitas Negeri Surabaya
(3) Universitas Negeri Jakarta

Corresponding Author
Copyright (c) 2020 Qalam : Jurnal Ilmu Kependidikan


Full Text:    Language : en
Submitted : 2020-12-01
Published : 2021-01-05


Understanding of written texts is one of the important competencies that learners of German as a foreign language must master. Therefore, making students good readers is the main goal in the German middle class, where students must reach level B1. During online learning German there are obstacles in the learning process, especially in learning reading skills for middle-level German classes in the course. Deutsch 3. Students tend to be less active and teachers cannot control it directly because there is no face-to-face process. The results of the questionnaire to students showed that the teaching method used was considered less cooperative and boring. To overcome this problem, an integrated reading method or reciprocal reading is applied. This method (Palinscar and Brown 1984) requires interaction between students through an integrated reading strategy, namely summarizing, questioning, clarifying, predicting, and responding to what they read. The interaction between students increases their activity in class because they have to interact in order to understand the content of the reading that is being discussed. After the application of the reciprocal reading method, online learning reading skills in the Deutsch 3 course experienced significant changes. This is evidenced through the results of research findings which indicate differences in values and motivation between the control class and the experimental class. The post-test results showed that the experimental class experienced a higher increase in scores than the control class. In addition to increasing the value of the experimental class, there was also an increase in motivation as evidenced by the results of student questionnaires


reciprocal reading, reading comprehension, german


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