The PDF file you selected should load here if your Web browser has a PDF reader plug-in installed (for example, a recent version of Adobe Acrobat Reader).

If you would like more information about how to print, save, and work with PDFs, Highwire Press provides a helpful Frequently Asked Questions about PDFs.

Alternatively, you can download the PDF file directly to your computer, from where it can be opened using a PDF reader. To download the PDF, click the Download link above.

Fullscreen Fullscreen Off


Understanding of written texts is one of the important competencies that learners of German as a foreign language must master. Therefore, making students good readers is the main goal in the German middle class, where students must reach level B1. During online learning German there are obstacles in the learning process, especially in learning reading skills for middle-level German classes in the course. Deutsch 3. Students tend to be less active and teachers cannot control it directly because there is no face-to-face process. The results of the questionnaire to students showed that the teaching method used was considered less cooperative and boring. To overcome this problem, an integrated reading method or reciprocal reading is applied. This method (Palinscar and Brown 1984) requires interaction between students through an integrated reading strategy, namely summarizing, questioning, clarifying, predicting, and responding to what they read. The interaction between students increases their activity in class because they have to interact in order to understand the content of the reading that is being discussed. After the application of the reciprocal reading method, online learning reading skills in the Deutsch 3 course experienced significant changes. This is evidenced through the results of research findings which indicate differences in values and motivation between the control class and the experimental class. The post-test results showed that the experimental class experienced a higher increase in scores than the control class. In addition to increasing the value of the experimental class, there was also an increase in motivation as evidenced by the results of student questionnaires


reciprocal reading, reading comprehension, german