• Alimuddin Alimuddin




Our goal was to identify the practical usage of medication management apps and what they can offer a consumer especially in their old age, keeping in view the aspect of medication adherence.A search of FREE medication management apps was conducted on app store of iPhone/Android operating system. Apps were included if they had a medication management system which included a reminder setup option and had an easy to use interface.Of the 22 apps on IOS and 18 apps on Android identified by strategy all met the inclusion criteria. WebMD and Drugs.com rated the highest among the apps because of their basic medication reminder feature coupled with their enhanced levels of functionality. WebMD was rated best for its information and usability which included a symptom checker, medication reminder, list of disease conditions, drug list with Indications, dosage information, side effects, drug interactions, drug use in pregnancy and lactation, first aid information, local health facilities listings, tests and procedures listings, healthy living tips, food and recipes.Finding a medication management app is challenging if you are looking for a specific type of apps as most of the apps are not tested by any authorized drug regulatory authority for example FDA. Almost all have no reviews and are not affiliated to any healthcare organization. Despite being untested, medication apps represent a possible strategy that pharmacists, healthcare workers, carers and family members of elderly patients can recommend for helping nonadherent patients and incorporate into their practice.



BENDER, J. L., YUE, R. Y. K., TO, M. J., DEACKEN, L. & JADAD, A. R. 2013. A lot of action, but not in the right direction: systematic review and content analysis of smartphone applications for the prevention, detection, and management of cancer. Journal of medical Internet research, 15.

CLAXTON, A. J., CRAMER, J. & PIERCE, C. 2001. A systematic review of the associations between dose regimens and medication compliance. Clinical therapeutics, 23, 1296-1310.

CRAMER, J. A., MATTSON, R. H., PREVEY, M. L., SCHEYER, R. D. & OUELLETTE, V. L. 1989. How often is medication taken as prescribed?: A novel assessment technique. Jama, 261, 3273-3277.

CRAMER, J. A., ROY, A., BURRELL, A., FAIRCHILD, C. J., FULDEORE, M. J., OLLENDORF, D. A. & WONG, P. K. 2008. Medication compliance and persistence: terminology and definitions. Value in Health, 11, 44-47.

DAYER, L., HELDENBRAND, S., ANDERSON, P., GUBBINS, P. O. & MARTIN, B. C. 2013. Smartphone medication adherence apps: potential benefits to patients and providers. Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA, 53, 172.

FDA.GOV 2015. Medication Errors. [online] Available at: http://www.fda.gov/drugs/drugsafety/ medicationerrors/ [Accessed 17 Oct. 2015].

FDA.GOV 2015. Strategies to Reduce Medication Errors: Working to Improve Medication Safety. [online] Available at: http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/ResourcesForYou/ Consumers/ucm143553.htm [Accessed 17 Oct. 2015].

GARFIELD, S., CLIFFORD, S., ELIASSON, L., BARBER, N. & WILLSON, A. 2011. Suitability of measures of self-reported medication adherence for routine clinical use: a systematic review. BMC medical research methodology, 11, 149.

HOLZINGER, A., KOSEC, P., SCHWANTZER, G., DEBEVC, M., HOFMANN-WELLENHOF, R. & FRÃœHAUF, J. 2011. Design and development of a mobile computer application to reengineer workflows in the hospital and the methodology to evaluate its effectiveness. Journal of biomedical informatics, 44, 968-977.

IIHARA, N., TSUKAMOTO, T., MORITA, S., MIYOSHI, C., TAKABATAKE, K. & KUROSAKI, Y. 2004. Beliefs of chronically ill Japanese patients that lead to intentional nonâ€adherence to medication. Journal of clinical pharmacy and therapeutics, 29, 417-424.

LEE, J.-A., NGUYEN, A. L., BERG, J., AMIN, A., BACHMAN, M., GUO, Y. & EVANGELISTA, L. 2014. Attitudes and preferences on the use of mobile health technology and health games for self-management: interviews with older adults on anticoagulation therapy. JMIR mHealth and uHealth, 2.

MIRA, J. J., NAVARRO, I., BOTELLA, F., BORRÃS, F., NUÑO-SOLINÃS, R., OROZCO, D., IGLESIAS-ALONSO, F., PÉREZ-PÉREZ, P., LORENZO, S. & TORO, N. 2014. A Spanish pillbox app for elderly patients taking multiple medications: randomized controlled trial. Journal of medical Internet research, 16.

OSTERBERG, L. & BLASCHKE, T. 2005. Adherence to medication. New England Journal of Medicine, 353, 487-497.

PATERSON, D. L., POTOSKI, B. & CAPITANO, B. 2002. Measurement of adherence to antiretroviral medications. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999), 31, S103-6.

POTTEIGER, K., BROWN, C. D. & KEELEY, K. 2015. The Use of Apps in Athletic Training, Part II: Applications for Clinical Management. IJATT, 20.

ROLNICK, S., PAWLOSKI, P., BRUZEK, R., HEDBLOM, B., ASCHE, S., FUSTGAARD, M. & MEIER, D. 2011. PS2-32: barriers and facilitators for medication adherence. Clinical medicine & research, 9, 157-157.

RUDDY, K., MAYER, E. & PARTRIDGE, A. 2009. Patient adherence and persistence with oral anticancer treatment. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 59, 56-66.

SPILKER, B. 1992. Methods of assessing and improving patient compliance in clinical trials. IRB, 1-6.

STEINHUBL, S. R., MUSE, E. D. & TOPOL, E. J. 2013. Can mobile health technologies transform health care? JAMA, 310, 2395-2396.

URQUHART, J. 1997. The electronic medication event monitor. Clinical pharmacokinetics, 32, 345-356.

WATERHOUSE, D. M., CALZONE, K. A., MELE, C. & BRENNER, D. E. 1993. Adherence to oral tamoxifen: a comparison of patient self-report, pill counts, and microelectronic monitoring. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 11, 1189-1197.

WEINGART, S., BROWN, E., BACH, P., ENG, K., JOHNSON, S., KUZEL, T., LANGBAUM, T., LEEDY, R., MULLER, R. & NEWCOMER, L. 2008. NCCN Task Force Report: Oral chemotherapy. Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN, 6, S1-14.




How to Cite

Alimuddin, A. (2020). EVALUATION OF MOBILE APPLICATION FOR ANTICOAGULANT DRUG MANAGEMENT: IOS AND ANDROID PLATFORM. Insect (Informatics and Security): Jurnal Teknik Informatika, 6(1), 36–44. https://doi.org/10.33506/insect.v1i1.40